Fast Facts

  • Location: East Africa.
  • Capital: Addis Ababa.
  • Currency: birr (ETB).
  • Language: Amharic, Oromo, Somali, Tigrinya Guaragigna.
  • Best time to Visit: November to May.
  • Time Zone: UTC+3.
  • Calling Code: +251
  • Major Airports: Bole International Airport (ADD), Aba Tenna Dejazmach Yilma International Airport (DIR)

A land of spectacular natural beauty and remarkable heritage sites, the must-see places in Ethiopia leaves an enthralling effect on the first-time visitor. The mystical mix of heritage, natural beauty and the long collection of must-see places in Ethiopia makes the country unavoidable for travelers and tourists. Officially known as the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, it is an East African country, located in the Horn of Africa. A landlocked country, Ethiopia is surrounded by Somalia to the east, Djibouti to the northeast, Eritrea to the north, Sudan to the west and Kenya to the south. It is one of the oldest countries in the world, the oldest independent country in Africa and also the second most populous nation in the African continent.

Frankly, if you wish to venture out new places and break the daily monotony of life, fly to this extraordinary land with historical and natural splendor. A country with cascading rivers and waterfalls, fresh-water lakes and broad savanna, Ethiopia is indeed an embodiment of uniqueness. Added to all these, you can come across a wide variety of historical monuments that are must see places in Ethiopia. The stunning beauty of the great Nile river will inspire your mind and body. The true beauty of this river is reflected when the Blue Nile that originates from Lake Tana meets the White Nile in Khartoum. The beauty and vigor of the river takes its true form when it meets the Tisistat Fall in Bahar Dar. This thunderous waterfall is a popular Ethiopian tourist spot you should never miss. Two other significant natural attractions of Ethiopia are the Sof Omer Cave and the Rift Valley. Here you can come across the true masterpiece of nature. Sof Omer cave is situated at a tiny village named Sof Omer. The caves are made by the constant erosion by the Web mountain.

Taking a break from the awesomeness of nature, you can even travel to some of the heritage monuments of the country. All these historical monuments are must-see places in Ethiopia and throw light on the vast cultural and traditional background of the country. For instance, Axum, one of the most ancient cities of the country, which is remarkably famous for various monolithic stone stelae or obelisks, reflects the historical and architectural excellence of the country. Once you are in Ethiopia, don’t miss the great Laibela constructions that take you to a completely new world of fantasy. Lalibela consists of 11 rock-hewn monolithic churches that were built by King Lalibela. Apart from this, you can even visit Gondar located 50 Km North of Lake Tana, which is abode to some of the most exquisite constructions of medieval castles and churches. The place is notably famous for the rich architectures that are very much different from the other African monuments. Your plan for Ethiopia sightseeing will be incomplete if you do not visit the plush city of Adis Ababa, the capital of Ethiopia. The city is enchanting as there is much to see and do. Other than just the handicrafts, busy markets, the city has a flourishing cultural life that is all the more appealing to all.


Ethiopia has typically mild climate with average temperature lies within 20°C in most parts of the country. Only the lowland fringes in the eastern, western and southern parts of the country have average temperatures above 30°C. July to early October is the time for rain.


Air: Bole International Airport (ADD) in Addis Ababa is the hub of Ethiopian Airlines, one of the most reputed airlines in Africa. Flights are available from a range of countries like Germany, Sudan, England, the Netherlands, and Turkey.

Train: Train is not too much popular among tourists in Ethiopia. Though, Addis Ababa is connected with Djibouti through rail. You will also find slow and uncomfortable trains from Addis Ababa to Dire Dawa.

Bus: Buses are a popular mode of transportation in Ethiopia. Buses are available to various international destinations like Kenya and Sudan. You can also travel to various destinations within the country by bus.

List of must see places in Ethiopia:

  • Tisisat Falls
  • The Sof Omar Cave
  • The rift valley
  • Axum
  • Lalibela
  • Adis Ababa
  • Debri damo
  • Yeha
  • Bahar Dar
  • Gonder
  • Mekelle
  • Harar

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