Fast Facts

  • Location: Southwest Asia.
  • Capital: Damascus.
  • Currency: Syrian pound (SYP).
  • Language: Arabic.
  • Best time to Visit: March to May.
  • Time Zone: UTC+2 (Winter) and UTC+3 (Summer).
  • Calling Code: +963
  • Major Airports: Damascus International Airport (DAM), Aleppo International Airport (ALP) and Bassel Al-Assad International Airport (LTK).

Syria is a land where some of the most significant Biblical events took place. Carrying that ancient culture in its heart, and proud of its rich antiquity, this Middle Eastern country is visited by a large number of pilgrims as well as general tourists from all over the world. Anyone with a sense of mystique and history will love the must-see places in Syria. Officially known as the Syrian Arab Republic, Syria is one of the larger countries in the Middle East, located in Southwest Asia. An amazing place to freak out and know the ancient culture and history must-see Syria also includes the Mediterranean beaches, quiet countrysides, and picturesque landscapes.

To plunge into the depth of the Syrian History, plan out a trip to this historic land. To start your exciting journey, first visit Damascus, the capital of Syria. The city is marked with uncountable historical ruins that is proof enough to perceive the cultural and traditional heritage of the city. Starting from the Grand Mosque of Damascus or the Ummayyad Mosque to the museums of the city, Damascus is the heart of the Syrian Culture. This ever-flourishing city located near the Ghouta Oasis is also famous for its plush market places and well-lighted malls and buildings. The Bab Sharqi Street and the Sout Medjhat Pasha market are excellent must-see places in Syria. You can also visit the Zaynab Bint Ali Tomb that depicts the religious beliefs of the Shia Muslims. A short visit to the Museum of Arts and Popular Traditions casts light on the typical Middle-East architecture, and the National Museum is a famous must-see Syria spot that unravels the secret behind the Syrian civilization.

Walking out from the din of the capital city, extend your journey to the heart of Aleppo, which has been declared as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. The unparalleled charm of this ancient city can impress anyone who loves history and art. The older part of the city looks amazing for its historical construction and is surrounded by walls with seven gates. Some of the noted attractions in the city, which are must-see Syria include the Citadel of Aleppo, the Amphitheaters and Byzantine Hall inside the Citadel, the Ar-Rahman Mosque in the Al-Sabil neighborhood and the St. Simon Church, the oldest church in the world. Being one of the most happening cities in the country, Aleppo is also renowned for its traditional silverware and jewelry available in its ancient trading center and ‘Souq’ or covered markets. Another UNESCO World Heritage site is the Palmyra city, whose culture can be dated back to the ancient Babylonian empire. It is one of the best archaeological sites in the country. The awe-inspiring architectural uniqueness of The Temple of Bel, Roman Colonnade, Funerary Towers, Hypogeum of Three Brothers and Arab Castle are favorite tourist spots for many.

Anyone visiting this country will never find a dearth of sightseeing places. It will be actually difficult to cover all the places in Syria, even if you plan for a lengthy holiday. However, you may repent for missing the tourist spots in the Bosra City, the first city that became Muslim.. Spread out with multidimensional of architectural evidence, the city will be perfect for an exciting trip for tourists. Right from the renowned Roman Amphitheater to the masterpiece architecture of the Nabatean Gateway, you will find unlimited remnants of the Greek and Roman civilization. Cities like Al Hasaka, Homs, Latakia, Salamiay are other must-see places in Syria you can visit.

Syria has a Mediterranean climate. The summer months (June to August) are hot & dry with the average temperature staying around 29°C. The winter months (December to February) are mild & wet with average temperature staying around 10°C. Occasional snowfall can also be experienced at this time.


Air: You can reach any one of the three international airports of Syria that include Damascus International Airport (DAM), Aleppo International Airport (ALP) and Bassel Al-Assad International Airport (LTK). Direct flights are available to various destinations in Asia, Europe, the Middle East, North Africa, and America.

Train: International trains are available from Tehran and Istanbul. You can also move to various places within the country by train.

Bus: You can also reach Syria by bus from Turkey, Jordan, and Lebanon. Buses are also a popular mode of transportation to move between places within the country  

List of must see places in Syria

  • Damascus
  • Ummayyad Mosque
  • Aleppo
  • St. Simon Church
  • Citadel of Aleppo
  • Palmyra city
  • Bosra
  • Al Hasaka
  • Homs
  • Latakia
  • Salamiay

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