- Location: Syria
- Significance: Historic City
- Attraction Type: Heritage, Archaeology, Architecture, Colonnades, Funerary Art
- How to Reach: Reach Palmyra Airport, which is well connected to all major airports in Syria including Damascus, and a number of international destinations as well.
- Nearest Airport: Palmyra Airport
Mention of Palmyra can be found in the ancient Hebrew Old Testament text, where it is referred to by its Arab name of Tadmor. Lying in the trade route between Persia and the Mediterranean, Palmyra was attacked and ruled by a large number of rulers. However, the city always managed to maintain its fierce sense of independence. A large number of archaeological ruins and remains of ancient buildings make this city one of the most popular tourist attractions in Syria.
History of Palmyra
History of Palmyra goes back to the pre-Christian period. It was always known to be a city of great wealth and prosperity. The earliest occupants were the nomadic Arabs, who are mentioned in various books of the Hebrew Old Testament of the Talbut. Later on, the city came under the eyes of the Greco-Roman kings. However, the city came under the Seleucids, when they took control of Syria in 323 BC. Roman attempts to conquer and rule the city was repelled on a number of occasions. In 634, the city came under Islamic rule.
Most of the attractions of Palmyra are of historic and archaeological nature. Some of the main attractions of the city are:
- The Temple of Ba’al: Considered to be the most magnificent temple construction of the first century AD, the temple is marked by its impressive double colonnaded portico, graced with columns constructed in the Corinthian style. The west portico was made later and is believed to have been constructed during the 2nd century AD
- Decamanus: this magnificent colonnade starts from the temple and continues to the main entrance to the city. It is noted for its great monumental arch.
- The Theater: This magnificent construction had 12 rows of seating, only 9 of which continue to survive. This was the place for discussion of important state and social matters. The nobility usually met here. The structure is wooden and is believed to date back to the 1st century AD. A large Agora is located nearby.
- Tetrapylon: A platform with four sets each of four pillars was built by the Governor of Syria, Sosianus Hierocles. A temple devoted to the Syrian goddess of Allat is located nearby.
Some wonderful funerary art has also been found nearby to the great archaeological sites. There are some wonderful funerary artifacts found nearby. However, excavations are still being continued, and many more wonderful structures are expected to be found in this erstwhile desert city of great glory.
Accommodation in Palmyra
Palmyra receives a large number of visitors every year. As a result, many hotels belonging to various budget categories are found in this city. Some of the most popular hotels are Villa Palmyra, Sands, Heliopolis and Tetrapylon.