- Location:250km downstream from Samarkand on the Zervshan River in Uzbekistan
- Attraction Type: City
- Significance: The perfect example of a medieval city in Central Asia
- Best Time To Visit: End of May to June as well as from the end of September to November
- How To Reach: You can reach Tashkent by international flights and from there fly to the Bukhara airport. You can also take a bus from Tashkent to arrive in Bukhara.
- Nearest Airport: Bukhara Airport
Asia is full of mystery as well as history. The city of Bukhara is one such place where you must visit once in your life. Situated on the Silk Route, this city is more than 2,000 years old. Bukhara is the perfect example of a medieval city in Central Asia, with an urban feel that has remained intact for long.
Bukhara is one of the two major centers of Uzbekistan’s Tajik minority. Bukhara was also home to the Jews, whose ancestors settled in the city during Roman times. Bukhara has been well preserved over the centuries and is home to an array of mosques, mausoleums, and madrassahs.
The city has long been a center of trade, scholarship, culture, and religion. It consists of narrow streets, green parks and gardens, historical and architectural monuments belonging to the different eras. Bukhara with more than 140 architectural monuments is a town museum dating back to the Middle Ages.
There are more than 350 mosques and 100 religious colleges in Bukhara. It lies west of Samarkand and was renowned throughout the Islamic world because of being a center of learning.. It was here that the great Sheikh Bahautdin Nakshbandi lived. He was a great figure in the development of the mystical Sufi approach to philosophy, religion, and Islam. Bukhara was a city of poetry and fairy tales. Its famous scholars and writers such as Avicenna and Rudaki made Bukhara’s name popular worldwide. The people in Bukhara are hospitable and dignified. They heartily welcome guests from outside and are proud of their city.
Places to See in Bukhara
This citadel dates back to the 5th century and was the residence of the last Emirs of Bukhara. This mighty fortress was the abode for scientists and people of arts. Its library was a source of wisdom for Farabi, Avicenna, Rudaki and Omar Khayam.
Ismail Samani’s Mausoleum
The renowned tomb of Ismail Samani, the founder of the glorious Samanid Dynasty, is a masterpiece of 10th-century Muslim architecture. This Mausoleum in Bukhara, Uzbekistan is the town’s oldest building accommodating the shrine of Ismail Samani. It is magnificent with actual antiquity making it one of the greatest attractions in Bukhara. Monuments of particular interest include a large number of 17th-century madrasas.
Chashma Ayub Mausoleum
This place was known to be an arid land and the inhabitants suffered from lack of water. A Biblical prophet visited this place and decided to help the people. So, he strokes the ground with his staff and a crystal clear water source sprang there. Local people still believe that water in the source has curative powers. Afterward, a cemetery emerged around the well.
Lyabi Hauz The busiest place in old Bukhara is the area around the pool known as Lyabi Hauz. The local people and many tourists enjoy the cool evening after a tiring day, sitting in the shade of huge ancient mulberry trees and listening to the pleasant sound of fountains and quacks of swans in the artificial lake.
Poyi Kalyan Minaret and Mosque For more than several centuries the view of Bukhara was shaped by the miraculous tower of the Kalyan Minaret. It was the tallest building in Central Asia, serving the town’s inhabitants as a beacon and watchtower.
Sitoran Mokhi-Khosa Palace
This palace is a large and lavish residence of Emir Akhadkhan. It is the only remained sample of Bukhara emir country palaces. The halls of the palace represent a blend of Western-style architectural trends with local traditions.
This madrassah is the only surviving building in Bukhara that belongs to the period of Ulugbek, the great astronomer and scientist.
Accommodation and Dining in Bukhara
There are several hotels in Bukhara where you can stay. Some of them are: Hotel Sultan, Amelia Boutique Hotel, Hotel Mekhtar Ambar, Hotel Malika, Hotel Buxoro Palace, Hotel Lyabi House, Emir B&B, Boutique Hotel Minzifa, Hotel-Boutique Sasha & Son, Salom Inn Hotel, Hotel Zargaron and many more.
There are many restaurants in Bukhara. Most of them offer not only regional Central Asian cuisines but also other Asian cuisines. The popular local dishes in Bukhara are Plov and Sashlik.
Places To See in Bukhara
Old Sana’a has many popular attractions. One of them is Suq al-Milh, here you can buy not only salt but also spices, bread, raisins, cotton, pottery, copper, silverware, antiques and many more.
You can visit the seventh century Jami’ al-Kabir. It is one of the oldest mosques in the Muslim world.
The Bab al-Yaman, a 700-year-old wall is the entry point through the city walls. This is a great sight for you and your family.
Al Madina is the commercial area of the old city. In recent years, it is developing rapidly. The area also has three parks and the President’s palace.
In the new and improved Bukhara, you can visit the theme park “Funland”. It will offer you a perfect entertainment and enjoyment.
Next to Al-Mutwakil mosque is the National Museum which is about 100 meters north of Tahrir Square. The museum houses artifacts from ancient kingdoms of Saba, Ma’rib, Ma’in, and Himyar.
You can visit the Asser Mountain which is a very high hill overlooking all of Sana’a. The view from here is spectacular.
Situated in a green valley called Wadi Dhar, 10km from Sana’a, the Dar al-Hajar is a rocky palace built by the Imam Yehya Hamid Al-din. It is an outstanding structure and considered one of Yemen’s cultural symbols.
In addition to three large hotels (the Sheraton, Movenpick, and Saba), there are numerous stores and restaurants, including branches of American chains such as Pizza Hut and Kentucky Fried Chicken.
Things to Do in Bukhara
Try out the delicious cuisine of Yemen. These cuisines are very authentic dishes that differ from the other Middle Eastern cuisines. The people of Yemen begin their meals with bread accompanied by a fenugreek relish. Bread is very important to a Yemeni and fenugreek is a popular spice.
Do some shopping while in Sana’a. Check out the traditional souks offering various items at a great price.
Accommodation and dining in Bukhara
You will have plenty of choices for hotels in Sana’a. You have the option of staying in new business hotels in the modern part of the city to the restored traditional hotels and cheap guest houses in the old town. Some of the hotels where you can stay include Sheraton Sana’a Hotel, Moevenpick Hotel Bukhara, Mercure Al Saeed, Sheba Hotel, Burj Al Salam, Hadda Hotel, Sam City Hotel and many more. The restaurants in Sana’a serve local and Arabic food. You will also find Ethiopian food in Sana’a. The five-star hotels, such as Sheraton and Míövenpick offer good western food. You will also find the following restaurants: Grill 101, Deja vu, Zorba’s coffeeshop (Greek), Maharaja (Indian food), Shalal Wadibana, Al-Hamra, Karmouche Pizza and many more.