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Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park






Fast Facts

Location: St. Kitts and Nevis
Time to Visit: October to March
Admission Fee: $ 8 for adults, $ 4 for children
How to Reach: Basseterre is located at a distance of around 16 kms away. Buses, cars and other transport options are available from the city to the fortress. A pleasant rail ride from The La Valley Station takes around 2 hours to come here.
Nearest Railway Station: The La Valley Station
Nearest International Airport: Robert L. Bradshaw International Airport
Time required for sightseeing: 2-3 hours or full day

In its heydays, it was called the 'The Gibraltar of the West Indies'. If you thought Caribbean was all about sea, surf, and rhythmic calypso, you will probably need to spend a vacation at this immense fort city that was built by the European colonizers to the island. It adds a note of difference, uniqueness and seriousness to a usual West Indian tour. Listed among the World Heritage Sites by the UNESCO, the area brings to light the outstanding military architecture of the 17th and 18th centuries.

The Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park is located in the island of St. Kitts and Nevis in the Eastern Caribbean region. It portrays the skill of the British military engineers and the strength, power and perseverance of the African slaves who were engaged to build it. The architectural grandeur and the awe inspiring design make it one of the wonderful past fortifications in American region.

By making a trip to the Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park (National Park), you can get an insight into the European colonial development, emergence of new societies in the Caribbean and the African slave trade that was prevalent in the ancient times.


The Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park was designed in the period between 1690 and 1790. The fortress was constructed intermittently over a period of a century. The fortress is one of the finest remaining specimens of a new style of architecture which was known as the polygonal system. In the year 1690, the British first mounted cannons on the Brimstone Hill Fortress to take away Fort Charles from the French.

The British enjoyed supremacy over the Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park over a long time until 1782 when the French conquered it again. Admiral Comte Franí§ois Joseph Paul de Grasse led to French army to conquer the fort and first the neighboring island of Nevis was taken over. The French military outnumbered the British and after intense fighting for a month, the British ultimately surrendered. However, a year later the Treaty of Paris was signed and St. Kitts and Brimstone Hill Fortress were given back to the British. Subsequently, the British military strengthened the fortress to a great extent to prevent any type of possible future invasions.

During the mid 19th century, the Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park was abandoned by the British military and the fortress was gradually ruining. In the early 1900s, conservation work was carried out and in the year 1987 the region was declared as a National Park. The UNESCO listed it as a World Heritage Site in 1999.

You will be amazed by the architectural grandeur of the Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park. The Brimstone Hill rises up to a height of around 800 feet and the walls of the fortress have been made of hard stone and hard volcanic rock to prevent huge damage. The mortar supplied to fix the stones was manufactured from limestone deposits which were located at the lower slopes of the hill. The fortress, which is a virtually man made structure cut from a natural hill speaks to the discipline, perseverance, strength and mammoth hard work of the people who made it.

The imposing height and the location of the fortress offers you a panoramic view of the surrounding landscape, the forests, farmlands, the historic town of Sandy Point and the bordering English, French and Dutch islands on the Caribbean Sea. A short stroll to the higher slopes takes you to Monkey Hill from you can get stunning view of the surrounding sea and the coastal islands.

In addition to this spectacular monument, there are also some more attractions in Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park for you to see. The area consists of a museum where you can see the ancient relics and artifacts. There is a gift shop which sells local handicrafts and artifacts. The outdoor premises near the fortress can also accommodate various conferences, parties, weddings, banquets and other events. There is a small theatre adjacent the area where you can watch audio visual shows on the fortress.

You can easily come to the Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park. You can easily come to the place from the city of Basseterre, which is located at a distance of around 16 kms away. Buses, cars and other transport options are available from the city to the fortress. A pleasant rail ride from The La Valley Station takes around 2 hours to come here. The ideal time when you should make tours to the fortress is between the month of October and March when the weather is pleasant.

Related Links :

http://in.youtube.com/watch?v=5o65oqZqn7M: Get an overview of the region where the fort stands in this short video! Not of the best quality, but you can get a feel of the grandeur of the place.

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