- Location: Split, Croatia
- Best time to Visit: Anytime of the year. However, September and October are when the weather is at its best. The summers are hot, and the place is overcrowded with tourists.
- How to Get:Whether by air, boat, bus, train or car, it is getting ever easier to reach Split. It is becoming one of Croatia’s prime points of entry. Split Airport is only 25 kilometers from Split, near the city of Trogir. Split train station is located right in the city center, only a few minutes walk from the port and from the old town.
Apart from air and rail access, you will get frequent buses, running to and from Zagreb, Dubrovnik, Sibenik, Zadar and Rijeka. Ferries run daily across the Adriatic to and from Ancona and Pescara (Italy).
- Nearest international airport: Dubrovnik International Airport
- Nearest railway station: Split Train Station
Diocletian’s Palace, not just a mere historical ruin, but a part of the urban fabric of the city of Split. Various businesses actually operate from within the actual palace walls. Built by the emperor Diocletian at the turn of the 4th century AD, Diocletian’s Palace is one of Croatia’s top attractions and a fascinating place to explore. Lying in a bay on the south of a short peninsula running out from the Dalmatian coast, Diocletian built the enormous palace for his retirement after resignation on May 1, 305 A.D.
Emperor Diocletian was one of the greatest contributions of Dalmatia to the Roman Empire. After his retirement, he decided to build Diocletian’s Palace, Croatia. This monumental fortified palace, at present, serves as a commercial and residential center.
What to see
The symmetrical design of the structure with its two interconnecting streets is classical in nature, but most of the palace truly reflects the eclecticism typical of late antiquity. Diocletian’s Palace of Split is noteworthy for diversity of forms which features the octagonal domed mausoleum, the rectangular Temple of Jupiter, the cruciform lower level of the Vestibule, and circular temples to Cybele and Venus.
The ceremonial entry court is the Peristil, only a few steps below the level of the surrounding streets. The longer sides are surrounded by 6 tall granite columns and 2 piers with Corinthian capitals. The columns are joined by arches decorated with a stone frieze.
In the northeast corner stands the small Renaissance church of St. Rok, dating from the 16th century. The western side is encircled by several medieval buildings. You must observe the loggia with Romanesque columns on the Grisogono-Cipci palace. The southern side is surrounded by the Protiron, a doorway into the imperial quarters: a triangular gable is supported by 4 columns with an arch between the two central ones. Chapels were built between the columns on each side of the Protiron.
The stairs on the left side show the way to the basement halls, which preserve a formidable impression of grandeur in spite of the many stalls selling local jewelry and crafts.
The city of Split is living ancient history and Diocletian’s Palace exists there as a monument to the power of the Roman Empire.
Related Links :
http://www.splitmap.com/diocletians-palace/: For a historic overview of the Diocletian’s Palace, and watch the splendor of this wonderful palace, click on this link!