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The Acropolis of AthensFast Facts
- Location: In south Athens
- Time of Visit:Throughout the year; Closed on Good Friday, Holy Saturday, Easter Sunday, Easter Monday, and 1st May
- Preferred timings:1st Nov to 31st Mar — 8:30 am to 3:00 pm;
1st Apr to 31st Oct — 8:00 am to 7:30 pm
- Admission Fee:Full - â‚¬ 12, Reduced - â‚¬ 6,
Free - journalists, persons under 19, Greece and E.U. University students, Soldiers on duty, tour guides, persons possessing free admission cards, Members of ICOM — ICOMOS
- How to Reach:By road
- Nearest Railway Station: Athens
- Nearest International Airport: Athens Ben Epps Airport
- Time for sightseeing: 1 day
Dedicated to Athena, the Acropolis dominates the skyline of Athens and is one of the most easily recognized man made structure on the earth's surface. Take a stroll from the Monastiraki and Plaka sides to the temple through woods and then climb steps. 'Acropolis' or upper city was built as a refuge for local inhabitants during times of invasion. The more important building like the Parthenon and the Temple of Athena were built in the acropolis.
Lysistrata is another interesting building in Athens Acropolis. In Lysistrata the women of Athens barricaded themselves inside to protest against their men being almost always occupied in constant war with the Spartans. The men thereby being deprived of care, sex, and home cooked food curtailed their war expeditions. The Temple of Athena Nike is synonymous with Acropolis, so impressive is its design and architecture. Designed by Iktinos and Kallikrates this structure was built from 426 to 421 B.C.
Visit the Propylaea on the western side of Acropolis and the Brauronion to its south. Propylaea was completed in 432 B.C. before the Peloponnesian war, while Brauronion was a shrine dedicated to Brauronian Artemis, the protector to be mothers and new mothers. The Pedestal of Agrippa honoring Eumenes II of Pergamon built around 178 B.C., and Chalkotheke used as store house of metal offerings are other remarkable structures.
The Erechtheion erected between 421 and 406 B.C. was dedicated to mythical king Erectheus. Notice the unusual shape of this building. Discover Athena Polias or the 'old temple of Athena' between the Parthenon and Erechtheion. The entire Acropolis was fortified within the Cyclopean wall constructed around 1200 B.C., the remains of which are still seen in the south eastern portion of Propylaea. To enter Acropolis you need to go through the Beule gate built to the west of Propylaea.
You cannot miss the Theater of Dionysious, the first theater to be built in stone and home to Euripides, Aristophanes, Sophocles, and Aeschylus. Later the Romans built the theater of 'Herod Atticus' in 2nd century A.D. It is now a venue for internationally acclaimed musical concerts. Yanni and Jethro Tull have performed here. Can there be anything more enthralling and ecstatic than enjoying a Royal Philharmonic Orchestra performing in the Acropolis of Athens!
Related Links :
http://in.youtube.com/watch?v=_88_8r4ZHwY: For a virtual tour to the Athenian Acropolis and views of the major landmarks of the area, watch this video!