- Location: On the Baltic Coast in Schleswig-Holstein Province in north Germany
- Attraction Type: Historic City
- Significance: A UNESCO World Heritage Site
- Best Time to visit: May to October
- How to Reach: By flights to Lubeck; by train from Kiel, Hamburg, Schwerin, Luneburg, and Copenhagen; by highway A1 and A20; by boats from Finland and Sweden
- Nearest International Airport: Lubeck International Airport
Lubeck, Germany, a port on the Baltic Coast, is the second-largest city of Schleswig — Holstein province in north Germany. Its ‘Altstadt’ or old city, historically the ‘Queen of Hanseatic League’, is presently a UNESCO World Heritage Site. With historic churches, monuments and some 1300 medieval homes, the entire Altstadt surrounded by a river and harbor lend a Hanseatic appearance. The Travemunde village and resort exactly on the Baltic Coast completes the layout of Germany Lubeck.
The origin of Lubeck goes back to around 1000 BC when it was founded as ‘Liubice’ meaning ‘beautiful’ or ‘lovely’. Count Adolf II von Schauenberg in 1143 built a trading center at the location of the current city, which in 1157 was destroyed by fire. Depressed Adolf II handed over Lubeck town to Heinrich, the lion of Saxony. Within two years Lubeck was transformed into a city similar to Venice and later to a Free Imperial City reporting directly to the Holy Roman Empire. Between the late 13th century to late 16th century, Lubeck emerged the third-largest city of the Holy Roman Empire after Cologne and Prague and became the capital of the Hanseatic League. Till 1806, Lubeck city remained free but was later occupied by the French. However, it became a part of the North German Confederation.
Activities in Lubeck
A tour of Lubeck city ideally begins from Altstadt, the old town surrounded by River Trave and its channels. The architectural designs of the medieval buildings are astounding, though they are intermingled with modern structures. Walk the streets and lanes of this medieval town to have a feel of the city. At the center of Altstadt, you would notice the imposing St. Marien Church in Gothic architecture. Next to St. Marien Church stands Petrikirche or St. Petri Church, which offers a splendid view of the entire city. Visit St. Aegidien Church, the smallest in Altstadt.
The Holstentor, a remarkable representation of architecture, is now converted into a museum. The city hall or Rathaus is another marvelous architectural form dating back to the 12th century. Rathaus is still used as an administrative office and has a gallery of portraits of Lubeck’s leaders. Do not forget to visit the Buddenbrookhaus dedicated to Heinrich and Thomas Mann and Gunter Grass Haus. A Hanseatic ‘kraweel’, Lisa von Lubeck in the harbor, is an old-fashioned ship put up for display.
A boat ride to Travemunde offers you marvelous views of the city and the port area. The salt warehouses used as locations for many horror movies would amaze you. A ship cruise from Trave River along Wakenitz River to Lake Ratzeburg is exceedingly charming.
Restaurants and Hotels in Lubeck
While vacationing in Lubeck you could select your place of stay as per your needs. Radisson SAS Senator Hotel facing the harbor is luxury accommodation, while Hotel Excelsior is a decent hotel in the 3-star category. For an old-world feeling, Klassik Alstadt Hotel is the perfect place.
Lubeck in Germany is the best place for a gourmet to be in. At Ratskeller, a historic eatery, savor their crisp potato balls, and roasted goose leg served with red cabbage. Schiffergesellschaft set up in the form of a tavern serves different menus at different times of the day. For great food at affordable prices, Brauberger is the best place to be in.