- Location: In Bundesland of Thuringia southwest of Leipzig
- Attraction Type: Historic City
- Significance: City of Goethe and Schiller; houses a UNESCO World Heritage Site
- Best Time to visit: May to October
- How to Reach: By train from Leipzig, Berlin, and Erfurt; by highway A4 from Autobahn
- Nearest International Airport: Leipzig Halle Airport
Weimar in Germany, the city of Friedrich Schiller and Wolfgang Goethe, is renowned for its cultural superiority not only in Europe but also the world over. Weimar was also the workplace of musician and composer John S. Bach. Weimar located in the north of Thuringer Wald. It also has been a spiritual inspiration for entire Germany for centuries. Weimar is considered a pilgrimage by world intelligentsia and attracts them in hordes every year.
History of Weimar can be traced back to the extreme end of the 9th century when it was the capital of Duchy of Sachsen-Weimar. The cultural importance of Weimar grew with the emergence of Schiller who lived from 1759 to 1805, and Goethe whose life spanned from 1749 to 1832. They together formed the Weimar Classicism period and worked on ‘Die Xenien’, a collection of harsh satirical poems.
German history, between 1919 and 1933, is referred to as the Weimar Republic in view of the constitution drafted in this city. The city is home to a number of illustrious buildings like Bauhaus University and Haus am Horn, both UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The city castle or ‘Stadtschloss’ holds the biggest art gallery in Weimar city. The Anna Amalia Bibliothek, constructed in rococo style, is another remarkable edifice having an art section and a library. The Park Der Ilm, consisting of a well laid out garden and Goethe’s summerhouse, is a charming place to stroll. The Belvedere, with the summer castle a short distance away, is another place to laze and relax.
Visit the Weimar House for an interactive multimedia tour of Weimar’s historical period to present times. A trip to the Buchenwald Memorial is a moving experience, which you must never miss.
Pelerinages Kunstfest, held over four full weeks in late summer, is a festival of cultural activities, musical performances, and merry-making. In a particular weekend in middle October people from all over Weimar, particularly farmers, gather in Weimar to celebrate ‘Zwiebelmarkt’ fair with lots of fanfare and gaiety.
Staying and Eating in Weimar
On your Weimar tour, you could put up in Das Hababusch Hostel, Grand Hotel Russischer Hof, Labyrinth Hotel Weimar, and DJH Jugendherberge Am Poseckschen Garten. While visiting Weimar taste ‘Thuringer bratwurst’, a sausage delicacy, and ‘zupfkuchen’ cakes, both widely available.