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History of Sighisoara
The history of Sighisora goes back to the ancient times. The city was named Castrum Sex (or Six Forts) by the Roman settlers. The construction was developed, extended and strengthened in the 15th century. By that time, the city was already a major economic center largely because of the presence of skilled craftsmen. The growing prosperity of the city led to the development of a well fortified citadel with as many as fourteen towers in the 14th and the 15th century. It was already one of the richest Saxon cities of the Transylvania region. A walk through the city's by-lanes clearly betrays the rich past of this city.
Major Attractions of Sighisoara
The medieval constructions of Sighisoara are better maintained than most other centers in Europe. There are old buildings, historic mansions and commercial centers at every turn of the road. The major attractions are as follows:
Sighisoara's Citadel: This is the most popular attraction of Sighisoara. Built to protect the growing riches of the city from Turkish invaders by the Saxon and the Magyar guilds who lived and worked in the city, the citadel is laid out in two to four levels. The towers were built to reserve reinforcements as well as necessary arms and ammunitions to protect it. Although the entire construct does not continue to exist in its entirety, a substantial part of it remains that gives a great insight to its once great heritage and power.
Major Towers in Sighisoara: Sighisoara is home to a large number of impressive towers, all of them dating to the medieval and the early modern period. Some of the most popular towers of Sighisoara are the Citadel Towers, the Ropemaker's Tower, the Tailor's Tower, The Cobbler's Tower and the Lower Tower.
Churches and Historic Buildings of Sighisoara: Like most major medieval cities of Europe, Sighisoara is home to a large number of magnificent churches and cathedrals. The architectural styles of the churches in Sighisoara display not only characteristic gothic styles but Byzantine and Romanesque styles as well. The Leper's Church, the Orthodox Cathedral, and the eclectically built St. Joseph's Church are the major religious houses of the city.
Museums of Sighisoara: It is imperative that a historic town like Sighisoara will have a wealth of museums. The History Museum presents a great collection that clearly tracks the development of various crafts in this German city. The Torture Room displays the dark underbelly of medieval European civilization. You get glimpse of some of the most innovative torture instruments and methods in this small but very interesting museum. Equally curious and historically significant is the Weapon's Collection.
Sighisoara, thanks to its unique charm and great history, attracts a large number of tourists every year. Some of the most popular hotels in Sighisoara are Hotel Casa Wagner, Hotel Sighisoara, Stag House, Hotel Steaua and Hotel Korona. Hotel Rex is also extremely popular among tourists.
Eating Out in Sighisoara
Sighisoara has a number of excellent theme restaurants. The hotels try to recreate the typically quaint atmosphere of the city, and the food is simply great. Vlad Dracula House is one of the most popular restaurants among tourists. Pizzeria Perla provides you with pizzas cooked in the true traditional style on wood fire. For authentic Romanian food, visit Hotel Sighisoara. Pizzerio JO and and Rustic are also wonderful places to eat out.