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The Kremlin and Red Square





Fast Facts

  • Location: In the heart of city of Moscow in Russia
  • Best time to Visit: Late spring or early autumn.
  • Preferred Timing: 10.00 a.m. to 04.00 p.m.
  • How to reach:
    Air:
    You need to reach Moscow first. Moscow has four main airports viz. Sheremetyevo International Airport (SVO), Domodedovo International Airport (DME), Vnukovo International Airport (VKO) and Bykovo Airport (BKA).
    Train:
    Moscow can be reached from almost anywhere in Europe and Central Asia by train. Trans-Siberian Railway service is available from Beijing, Ullaanbaatar and Vladivostok. Moscow has nine train stations which include Belorussky, Rizhsky, Leningradsky, Savyolovsky, Yaroslavsky, Kazansky, Kursky, Paveletsky and Keivsky. All the stations except Savyolovsky have long-distance trains.
    Car:
    If you are coming down from Germany, Poland, or Bielarussia, you need to take E30 road. EU or American citizens need to have Belarusian visas in order to pass through Belarus. You can avoid this, if you go via Latvia using E22 road. If you are coming down from Finland through St. Petersburg and Novgorod, take E18 road.
    Bus:
    You can also reach Moscow from various destination including Riga, Latvia and London by Eurolines buses.

  • Nearest Airport: Sheremetyevo International Airport (SVO).
  • Nearest Subway Station: Borovitskaya & Biblioteka imeni Lenina.
  • Tickets
  • The Armoury Chamber:
    Timings: One hour before the beginning of a síéance.
    Price: 350 rub. (General) / 70 rub. (Students with valid papers)
    The Architectural Ensemble of the Cathedral Square:
    Access: Five museums-cathedrals, the Patriarch's Palace and Assumption Belfry exhibitions.
    Price: 300 rub. (General) / 50 rub. (Students with valid papers)
  • Assumption Belfry Exhibitions: (The Buccellati heritage. Timeless art of jewellery)
    Price: 100 rub. (General) / 50 rub. (Students with valid papers)
    Exhibition in the one-pillar Chamber of the Patriarch's Palace: (The Art of the Sublime Porte)
    Price: 100 rub. (General) / 50 rub. (Students with valid papers)
Welcome to a landmark that would take you back to the 12th century, a landmark that has played an influential role in the political life of once the biggest country in the world, and one where the government runs the country from. Welcome to the Moscow Kremlin, or simply known as The Kremlin, a historic fortified complex at the heart of city of Moscow in Russia. A Russian citadel overlooking Saint Basil's Cathedra, the Kremlin is currently the official residence of the President of Russia.

To the east of the Kremlin is another important landmark of Russia — the Red Square, which arguably is the most famous city square in the world. Red square separates the Kremlin from Kitay-gorod, a historic merchant quarter. Most of the major streets of Moscow spread out from the Red Square, which is often considered the central square not only of Moscow but all of Russia. Along with the Kremlin, Red Square has been declared World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1990.

Visiting the Kremlin

The Kremlin, along with the enclosing Kremlin Wall and Kremlin Towers, also has four palaces and four cathedrals. A visit to the Kremlin will surely be dominated by the Kremlin Wall and Kremlin Towers. Though originally the Kremlin had got 17 towers, later during the 17th century, the number of increased to 20, most of which were crowned with wooden tents. The highest of those towers is the Spasskaya with a height of 71 meters.

The heart of the Kremlin is the Cathedral Square which is surrounded by six buildings including three cathedrals viz. Cathedral of the Dormition, Cathedral of the Annunciation, and Cathedral of the Archangel Michael. Also visit two domestic churches — the Chruch of the Twelve Apostles, and the one-domed Church of the Deposition of the Virgin's Robe. The Ivan the Great Bell Tower is also worth visiting, located on the north-east corner of the square. And don't miss the treasure house — the Armoury Chamber

Visiting the Red Square

Red Square is a vast open space measuring almost 73,000 square meters. The square is flanked by two famous buildings in its two ends viz. St. Basil's Cathedral and the State Historical Museum. On the eastern side of the square, you will find the GIM department store and Kazan Cathedral. Iberian Gate and Chapel are located on the northwest corner of the square.

One of the popular points of Red Square is the Lobnoye Mesto, where the public ceremonies were organized. You can also see the bronze statue of Kuzma Minin and Dmitry Pozharsky, the only sculptured monument on the square.

Related Links :

http://in.youtube.com/watch?v=_LJuXp5IucQ: For a comprehensive view of the Kremlin and the neighboring Red Square, watch this travel video!

http://in.youtube.com/watch?v=Go8cGiDCK4g&feature=related: Another very comprehensive and well made video that presents the Kremlin and the Red Square. Check it out!


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