- Location: Western shore of Newfoundland to the east of Gulf of St. Lawrence, Canada
- Attraction: Natural reserve
- Significance: A UNESCO site significant for its anthropological and geological remains
- Best Time to Visit: Summer, June to September
- Visiting Hours: Discovery Center — 5th Jan to 30th Apr (Mon — Thurs), 8am — 4pm
16th May to 13th Oct (all days), 9am — 5 pm
Visitor Center — 8th Jan to 5th Apr (Thurs — Mon), 10am — 4pm
28th Apr — 31st Oct (Mon — Fri), 9am — 4pm
- How to Reach: Fly to Deer Lake in Newfoundland and then rent a car; alternatively by ferry from Nova Scotia, Port aux Basques, and North Sydney
- Nearest International Airport: St. John’s International Airport
Gros Morne National Park, Newfoundland is not only renowned for its incredible beauty but also as an evidence of earth’s evolutionary process. Specifically for the second reason, Newfoundland Gros Morne National Park has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Even though permanent settlement began in these areas from 19th century, evidence of human life as discovered from here dates back to 3500 years. Its recreational facilities, outstanding landscape, freshwater fjords carved by glaciers, sandy beaches, and colorful fishing villages.
The history of Gros Morne National Park goes back to almost 500 million years during Ordovician and Cambrian periods. Debris eroded from the North American continent accumulated in the Iapetus Ocean as a continental shelf. About a thousand years ago Norsemen built the earliest European dwellings in today’s Gros Morne National Park while exploring areas west of Greenland. The remains of the earliest camps are displayed in L’Anse aux Meadows National Historic Site. In an effort to protect this unique region in Newfoundland, the Government of Canada established Gros Morne National Park in 1973, which was subsequently recognized as a World heritage site by UNESCO in 1987.
Gros Morne National Park in Canada is a natural wonder, and a treasure house of earth’s reformation and human evolution. Towering cliffs of freshwater fjords formed from glaciers, marine inlets, and sea stacks create a natural marvel in Newfoundland and Labrador areas of north eastern Canada. The rocks found in these areas unravel earth’s geological transformation since the last 1200 million years. Human civilization can be traced back to the last five thousand years from anthropological studies carried out in these Canadian territories.
Varied topographical feature of Gros Morne National Park has helped inhabitants and tourists alike to undertake diverse activities. Kayaking in the fjords is a common sport among tourists and local people alike, subject to weather conditions. Abrupt weather change is a common phenomenon in this area. Power boat rides are allowed in the waters of Bonne Bay and Mill Brook and Trout River Pond. Fishing is allowed in certain designated water bodies on buying a fishing license sold by service stations, and hardware stores.
Terrestrial activities in Gros Morne National Park are equally exciting. Wilderness hiking in the Long Range Mountains along the edges of glacially carved gorges is an exhilarating experience. Trekking along huge uplifted blocks of granite carved by glaciers is an unmatched activity. This National Park is a picnicker’s paradise. Lomond, Trout River Pond, Mill Brook, MacKenzie Brook, Western Brook, Baker’s Brook, Shallow Bay, and Deer Arm are the notable picnic spots. In the winter months thrill yourself skiing cross-country or snowmobiling.
You have to camp to stay inside Gros Morne National Park. Berry Hill is a location for group camping, whereas there are other sites for private camping. It is advisable to reserve your camping sites in advance, except in Lomond and Green Point areas where camping grounds are available on a ‘first come , first served’ basis.
Related Links :
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mY2TJwolaGg: Check out the wonderful beauty of the Gros Morne in this wonderful guided travel video on the national park.