Fast Facts

  • Location: North America.
  • Capital: Mexico City.
  • Currency: Mexican peso (MXN)
  • Language: Spanish, Mayan, Nahuatl.
  • Best time to Visit: Can be visited throughout the year. The peak season is July-August.
  • Time Zone: UTC -8 to UTC -6.
  • Calling Code: +52
  • Major Airports:Mexico City International Airport (MEX), Cancíºn International Airport (CUN), Don Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla International Airport (GDL), General Mariano Escobedo International Airport (MTY).

When you think of the sun-baked country at the southern end of North America, it’s tough not to get wrapped up in its reputation for college kids on Spring Break. Thanks to the MTV generation, the home to the ancient Mayans – and the stunning ruins of Chichen Itza – has been confused with a party destination instead of a cultural center that just so happens to have great beaches and excellent resorts. Whether you’re looking for a relaxing week on powdery sands or in the mood to sample the remnants of Spanish colonialism, there are plenty of places to visit in Mexico that will satisfy your appetite. As you begin to think about your trip, do your best to include these five cities:

Must-Visit Places

Mexico City

The sprawling capital of Mexico is home to more than 21 million people. Steeped in ancient history and modern restaurants, the city has consciously worked to mend its image as tough and harsh. A walk along the Plaza Garibaldi will fill your ears with the sounds of mariachis before you visit the Tequila Museum. Afterward, dine in one of the nearby restaurants or bargain with the local merchants for a sombrero. Having seen the contemporary, be sure to visit the Aztec temples and marvel at the canals standing as strong today as they did six centuries ago.

Todos Santos

If you’re looking for a spot in Baja California, most people will tell you to head to Cabo San Lucas – and they will be wrong. This small mountain community first blossomed as an artists’ enclave and surfer haven before welcoming more tourists in recent years. Unlike the resort town to the north (Cabo is two hours away by bus and a popular day trip), you can enjoy the quiet of the ocean brushing against the shore with little trouble. Be quick, though, it’s developing fast.


Located in south-central Mexico, this is the place to see if you are a fan of architecture. Littered with classic colonial cathedrals and museums dedicated to preserving artifacts from pre-European residents, it’s no wonder people call it “Mini Mexico City.” Stay in the city center and sample the cuisine – the taco arabe (marinated pork on flatbread) is a favorite – before strolling the wide avenues as the sun goes down. Schedule a day trip to Popocatepetl, the striking volcanic peak is part of a large national park just a few miles to the west and makes for a natural break from the manmade wonders in town.


High in the hill country, almost smack in the middle of Mexico, you will find a city that could easily be mistaken as mountainside town in Italy. The down-to-earth buildings rise as a haphazard mishmash of yellow, orange, and white blocks dating as far back as the 16th century. Stop at La Basilica Colegiata de Nuestra Senora, a gorgeous Baroque church on the Plaza de la Paz. Take a step inside to pay your respects to the Virgin Mary, a jewel-encrusted statue from the 700s given to the city by the Spanish King Phillip II. If these relics – and the famous mummy museum – aren’t enough, slip down to the lowlands of Yuriria and visit La Parroquia, an imposing brick convent constructed in the 1550s.

Playa del Carmen

Visiting the Yucatan Peninsula, with its beautiful weather and miles of glorious beaches, leaves a traveler wondering how to escape the touristy resort towns of Cancun, Acapulco, and Cozumel. Truth be told, it’s a challenge to find a place that isn’t overflowing, but this smaller city does its best to make you feel comfortable. Spend the day in the sun, then walk along La Quinta – a restaurant- and bar-lined street one block from the water. And, if you’d really like to break away from the crowds, head further north to snorkel in some of the clearest lagoons Mexico has to offer.


Mexico has a varied climate. The northwestern part of the country experiences a desert-like climate whereas; the northeastern part has got temperate weather. The northern regions of Mexico get cold during the winter with an average daytime temperature between 8°C and 12°C. It is quite common to find snow in certain northern places in Mexico. This part can be very hot during the summer months with violent storms. The central part of Mexico experiences a temperate climate. Hurricanes are quite common in the coastal areas.


Air: There are several major airports in Mexico which include Mexico City International Airport (MEX), Cancíºn International Airport (CUN), Don Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla International Airport (GDL), General Mariano Escobedo International Airport (MTY) etc. A number of flights are available from different destinations in Europe, South America, and others.

Train: There are pretty limited passenger trains in Mexico.

Bus: The bus system in Mexico is the most efficient in the world with an extensive network. You can travel to various destinations within the country by bus. You can also reach Mexico from the USA by bus.

List of must-see places in Mexico:

  • Parroquia
  • Chicken Itza
  • Teotihuacan
  • Museo Nacional de Antropologia
  • White Mountain ( Monte Alban)
  • Copper Canyon ( Barrancas del Cobre)

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