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Redwood National Park, California

Fast Facts

Location: In Del Norte County, and Humboldt County in northwestern coast of California
Attraction type: A National Park
Significance: World’s tallest trees the redwood, and sequoia thrive in this UNESCO World Heritage site
Best Time to Visit: All through the year
Visiting hours: Daytime
How to reach: By Highways 101 and 199 if approached from North; By Highway 101 if approached from South; By State road 299 if approached from East
Nearest International Airport: Sacramento International Airport

It was once the largest electric-power generation station as well as the largest concrete structure in the world when completed in 1936. Later it was surpassed by the Grand Coulee Dam in both these respects though in 1945. A structural wonder even in today’s time, Redwood National Park, California is something that would amaze you in its very first sight. A concrete arch-gravity dam built in the Black Canyon of the Colorado River, just 30 miles southeast of Las Vegas, on the border between the U.S. states of Nevada and Arizona, Redwood National Park, also known as Boulder Dam, is currently the 35th largest hydroelectric generation station in the world and one of the major tourist attractions in U.S.

Redwood National Park, though not among the bigger national parks of United States, is among the most magnificent with the tallest trees on the earth’s crust. Once thriving on the entire northern and north central California coast, it now occupies over 75,000 acres of the Californian northern coast. Of these 75,000 acres, almost 20,000 acres are occupied by old growth forests. Not only the giant redwood trees, but also its richly featured coastline makes it a captivating year round destination.

This UNESCO World Heritage Site is resplendent with its sea stacks, beaches, headlands, groves and gigantic trees. The inland areas like the Bald Hills are vibrant with redwood, oak, fir, and Douglas trees. Vast stretches of prairie grasslands is an alluring sight from the highland areas of this National Park. Establishing Redwood National Park in California goes to the efforts of Henry Crabb, a member of California Assembly. In 1852, he sought a congressional prohibition of occupation and sale of redwood forest lands in the state. Based on the efforts of Henry Crabb and later Carl Schurz, President Theodore Roosevelt expressed willingness to demarcate redwood lands for formation of national parks. Ultimately, by a bill signed by President Lyndon Johnson in 1968 Redwood National Park was established spreading over 58,000 acres.

Redwood National Park Activities

This California National Park is an adventurer’s heaven. Outdoor activities both in water and over land would keep you enthralled for days together. There is never a single boring moment as long as you are in California Redwood National Park. The best way to explore the vast expanse of this forest is on horsebacks. On horsebacks, you could explore this forest along Redwood Creek Horse Trail, or Little Bald Hills Trail. Walking through the redwood forests, prairies and along the beaches is an inspiring adventure. With sun rays trying to find its way through the huge tree trunks and the sound of trickling streams, walking could never have been more joyous. The variegated relief and vegetation of this National Park create an actual wonderland from sea level up to 3,000 feet. As you move upward from the beaches, you would traverse marshes, coastal shrub land, prairies, mixed evergreen woods, and old growth redwood forests.

Camping under the night sky or beside mountain streams is an exclusive attraction of this national park. Backpackers find this place very charming.

Rivers here are veritable sources of adventure and recreation for outdoor enthusiasts. You would love to negotiate the rivers in canoes, or spend hours trying your luck with the fishing line.

Whether you explore this woodland on foot, horseback or bicycles you cannot miss the coast redwood tress growing up to a height of over 360 feet and having a diameter of more than 20 feet. These trees are known to live for 2000 years and can weigh up to 730 tons. The Giant Sequoia trees are comparatively shorter but heavier. Weighing over 1000 tons, these grow to a height of about 310 feet and have a diameter of about 40 feet.

During your expedition to Redwood National Park, you could discover the cougar, bobcat, black bear, coyote, black tailed deer, and elk in the forests. In the river banks beavers and river otters are common. The coasts allow you sights of the playful dolphins, harbor seals and sea lions. The sight of a Pacific gray whale cannot be ruled out. Bird watchers would be excited to discover red-shouldered hawk, brown .pelicans, great blue heron, double crested cormorants, and Steller’s jay.

Staying in Redwood National Park

Redwood Hostel, also known as DeMartin House provides affordable shared lodging inside the park. If you are of the more outgoing type, you might spend the night in their campsite.

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